Friday, October 21, 2016

Bishop’s Note: October 20, 2016 – On Prayer

Bishop Eric Menees

This past Sunday’s Gospel lesson was from Luke chapter 18 – the Parable of the Persistent Widow. In it St. Luke tells us upfront that the point of the parable is: “[18:1] And he told them a parable to the effect that they ought always to pray and not lose heart.” (Luke 18:1 ESV)

I ran across this quote from an English Evangelical in the first half of the twentieth century named Arthur W. Pink. For me, Pink captured the essence of prayer. It is not so much to change God’s mind as it is to change our hearts.

"Prayer is not so much an act as it is an attitude—an attitude of dependency, dependency upon God. Prayer is a confession of creature weakness, yea, of helplessness. Prayer is the acknowledgment of our need and the spreading of it before God. We do not say that this is all there is in prayer, it is not: but it is the essential, the primary element in prayer. We freely admit that we are quite unable to give a complete definition of prayer within the compass of a brief sentence, or in any number of words. Prayer is both an attitude and an act, a human act, and yet there is the Divine element in it too, and it is this, which makes an exhaustive analysis impossible as well as impious to attempt. But admitting this, we do insist again, that prayer is fundamentally an attitude of dependency upon God. Therefore, prayer is the very opposite of dictating to God. Because prayer is an attitude of dependency, the one who really prays is submissive, submissive to the Divine will; and submission to the Divine will means, that we are content for the Lord to supply our need according to the dictates of His own sovereign pleasure. And hence it is that we say, every prayer that is offered to God in this spirit is sure of meeting with an answer or response from Him… Prayer is not the requesting of God to alter His purpose or for Him to form a new one. Prayer is the taking of an attitude of dependency upon. God, the spreading of our need before Him, the asking for those things which are in accordance with His will, and therefore there is nothing whatever inconsistent between Divine sovereignty and Christian prayer.” ~ Arthur W. Pink, The Sovereignty of God

I pray you all a truly blessed week.

Catechism Questions: 343-345
343. What does the Church offer you as helps for your sanctification?
The Church’s teaching, sacraments, liturgies, seasons, ministry, oversight, and fellowship assist my growth in Christ and are channels of God’s abundant care for my soul. (Ephesians 4-6; Philippians 3; Colossians 3; Ascensiontide Collects)

344. For what does sanctification prepare you?
Sanctification prepares me for the vision and glory of God in conformity to my Lord Jesus Christ, who has promised that “the pure in heart shall see God.” (Matthew 5:8)

345. With what attitude should I live a life of sanctification?
God calls me to a life of joy. Constant thoughts of God’s love for me, and of my hope in Christ, will keep me always rejoicing. (Philippians 4:4; 1 Thessalonians 5:16-19)

Thursday, October 13, 2016

Bishop’s Note: October 13, 2016 – Where Are The Nine?

Bishop Eric Menees

This past Sunday’s gospel lesson, from the seventeenth chapter of St. Luke, told of the dramatic experience of Ten Lepers. These lepers, like all lepers, were considered unclean and thus separated from their family and, in fact, the entire community. They called out from a distance to Jesus: “Lord, have mercy on us.”  Jesus did have mercy upon those poor men, and responded simply: “Go and show yourselves to the priests.” The ten turned and, in obedience, left to go and present themselves to the priests - in that moment they were healed of their leprosy.

Though all ten lepers were healed, only ONE comes back to Jesus to say thank you... and that one was a Samaritan; the one whom no one would expect to return.
Let me ask you… in your heart of hearts, if you were one of the Ten, would you have been the one to return to Jesus or would you have been with the nine and headed straight for the priests?

If I am honest, really honest, I am convicted in that question, because in my head I would say, “Of course I’d be the one who returned.” But, if I ask myself: “Does my life reflect that kind of gratitude?”  Well then, I’d have to say that I would really be one of the nine beating a swift path down the trail.

I think the nineteenth-century bishop of Liverpool, J.C. Ryle, said it so powerfully when he wrote:

“The lesson before us is humbling, heart-searching, and deeply instructive.  The best of us are far too like the nine lepers.  We are more ready to pray than to praise, and more disposed to ask God for what we have not, than to thank Him for what we have.  Murmurings, and complaining, and discontent abound on every side of us. Few indeed are to be found who are not continually hiding their mercies under a bushel, and setting their wants and trials on a hill.  These things ought not so to be.  But all who know the church and the world must confess that they are true.  The wide-spread thanklessness of Christians is a disgrace of our day.  It is a plain proof of our little humility.” (Expository thoughts on the Gospel of Luke, page 234)

It is generally true that we are not nearly as grateful to God as we ought to be. In difficult times, when things are not going as we had hoped or expected, it is especially easy, and tempting, to focus on our wants rather than on God’s provision for us. 

Let us this day cast our eyes upon Jesus and be thankful for the healing, forgiveness, and transformation that he has granted us through his sacrifice on the cross; a sacrifice that we should never lose sight of or take for granted.

       I pray we all recognize how blessed we are this day!

Catechism Questions: 340-342

340. Are you still broken, despite God’s forgiveness?
Yes. Sin leaves me wounded, lonely, afraid, divided, and in need of Christ’s healing ministry. (Psalms 32:1-5; 51; 130; Matthew 15:19; 1 John 2:1-2)

341. How does Jesus heal you?
Through the gift and fruit of the Holy Spirit, Jesus mends my disordered soul from the effects of sin in my mind, will, and desire. (Acts 2:38; Romans 8:26; 12:2)

342. What is this healing called?
This healing is called sanctification. In it, by the work of the Holy Spirit, my mind, will, and desires are progressively transformed and conformed to the character of Jesus Christ. (Romans 12:1-2; Ephesians 2:1-3; 3:14-21; 4:17-19; Philippians 2; Colossians 2-4; 1 John 3:2-3)

Friday, October 7, 2016

Comfort My People, Says Your God.

Pentecost 21C2016

Fr. Dale Matson

When God called me into the ordination process I distinctly remember thinking of the phrase from Isaiah, “Comfort My People”. It is a rather ironic phrase when applied someone such as myself who has a reputation for having quite an edge…someone with sharp elbows, an abrasive fellow…someone who can be confrontational.

Last week Fr. Carlos offered us a statement twice at the beginning of his talk and once at the end. “No church has a future unless their dreams are greater than their memories. I would say however that memories are what anchor those dreams and keeps us from repeating mistakes of the past. Our memories are what make us human. Memories don’t have to be limiting factors. It is not always a case of “Once burned, twice shy”.

I want to say first that for many of us this is still a time for mourning. We have been displaced and like our Lord, we have no place to lay our head. Yes, we are currently guests in this place but we know and our hosts know that we will be moving on with God’s help. This place is a temporary port in a storm.

Sharon and I already know what it is like to mourn the loss of a church and faith community. We left Holy Family Episcopal Church 8 years ago. Since that time many of the saints there have passed on or left. My closest friend there, the former senior warden Joe Faria no longer attends Holy Family Church. Another senior warden Andy Robinson has passed on. His wife Linda Gail, because of her infirmities, was no longer able to serve as clergy and gave me her Pix at my ordination. Another senior warden Gary Walker no longer attends church at Holy Family. I have heard that the cross was removed from the front of the church. The red doors, which represent the shed blood of Jesus Christ, were repainted another color. I remember Sharon and I leaving Holy Family after 11 years there and turning my key over to the rector, a priest who had betrayed his bishop by joining a lawsuit against Bishop Schofied. My last memory of Holy Family Church was seeing the verse above the exit door as we departed that quoted Joshua, “As for me and my house, we will serve the Lord.” If only. My alb that I am wearing came from the late rector Steven Mills. It was this history that I hold that has not held me back. It has served to remind me that a false gospel is destructive and cannot be tolerated. Sharon and I came to Saint James where the Gospel was and is preached in truth in purity and where the faith once handed down is preserved.

With God’s people, in order to move forward, there must first be a recounting… a remembering… a time for reflection and in some cases a time to mourn. We cannot move forward until we recount the past and understand the present. Often in the Old Testament the Israelites were reminded of where they came from. I want to begin with something I wrote for our Diocesan Blog site Soundings almost eight years ago.

“As I reflected on a portion of the Gospel lesson from Luke (Chapter 6) for the Daily office for Wednesday May 6th, it also occurred to me again that we are in the midst of a serious legal struggle in our Anglican Diocese of San Joaquin against The Episcopal Church (TEC). It is easy to be anxious and fearful about the possible outcome. It is also possible to wrongly adopt a self-righteous anger too. However, our Gospel lesson is quite a contrast to what would be an expected human response. “But I say to you who hear, Love your enemies, do good to those who hate you, bless those who curse you, pray for those who abuse you. To one who strikes you on the cheek, offer the other also, and from one who takes away your cloak do not withhold your tunic either. Give to everyone who begs from you, and from one who takes away your goods do not demand them back. And as you wish that others would do to you, do so to them.” This is a portion of Luke’s “Sermon on the Plain” which is a kind of parallel to Mathew’s Sermon on the Mount.

There is a property dispute of course but hopefully both sides would say that ultimately, God owns the property not a Parish, Diocese or a Denomination. It also occurred to me that while property provides a place to gather for worship and fellowship, it could also be an occasion to misunderstand and be misdirected as to what is meant when we talk about the Kingdom of God. The Kingdom of God has never been about bricks, stones, mortar, wood and steel.

I believe the Jews of the Old Testament confused God’s presence among them with the Temple in Jerusalem. Much of their pride and identity was centered on the temple rather than God Himself. Seeing the Dome of the Rock sitting on the very ruins of the Temple should be evidence enough that God has left an historical reminder that the Temple and the land of Israel are not as important as the God who gave both to Israel. While it is what they are fighting each other about, who owns the land and the buildings is really not the central issue for the Arabs and Israelis nor should it be the central issue for us either. “Our fathers worshiped on this mountain, but you Jews claim that the place where we must worship is in Jerusalem. Yet a time is coming and has now come when the true worshipers will worship the Father in spirit and truth, for they are the kind of worshipers the Father seeks.” (John 4:20, 23).

With each crisis in our personal lives and in the life of our faith community, we are faced with understandable initial human responses of anxiety, fear, anger or self-righteousness. I am reminded of the man who put his faith in his possessions. "But God said to him, 'You fool! This very night your life will be demanded from you. Then who will get what you have prepared for yourself?” (Luke 12:20) My brothers and sisters, we are the Body of Christ and the Temple of the Holy Spirit. The property and the buildings belong to God and Him alone.”

Four years ago I wrote this as part of an article for Soundings.

“There is a gradual loss of identity within The Episcopal Church. I believe that what was once a Christian church is now becoming an activist organization; a faith based initiative. Like so many colleges that were begun by Christian denominations, TEC too, is now becoming secular. The leadership has become human focused to the extent that there are no barriers to inclusion. Baptism is “ancient” and “normative” but not necessary for inclusion in the body of Christ. They are, in fact, ashamed of Christ and willing to see Him as only an avenue to a liberated life of self-affirmation in the here and now. They no longer see him as the way to salvation and eternal life. They have even outgrown their contemporary I’m OK and Your OK. It is now the “I am special” church, yet the members no longer see themselves as what St. Paul referred to as a “peculiar people” who are called out of a worldly life as witnesses to the transforming love of Jesus Christ. They are no longer called to holy living and they are not in search of Christ. They are not sinners seeking God’s mercy; they are victims in search of justice. They are called to “live into” their natural selves, whatever that might be. In short, TEC lost the pearl of great price; Jesus Christ Who is our true and authentic self. He is also the identity and head of the corporate and mystical body, the church. He is the Logos and the emotion driven leadership is not interested in God informed reason any longer. They are too busy tithing their dill of diversity, radical inclusion, social justice and planet sustainability.

They don’t see the need to repent individually for personal sin but they do repent organizationally for failures to discover the blessed uniqueness of each kind of new personhood; for the insensitivity to other cultures. Whom did they fail to include this time around? We will see next time around.

The leadership seems almost “affect driven” in their need to avoid discernment as being judgmental and hateful and all in the name of inclusivity. The gate to the Kingdom of God is narrow but the formerly red doors of TEC are wide open. TEC, as it sheds doctrine, reminds me of a cell that no longer has a semi permeable membrane to filter out what is harmful and to allow in what is nurturing. The organization is like Star Trek’s “Voyager” moving through space and time collecting this and that, becoming an eclectic blob and seeking its creator “The god of our understanding”.

The Anglican Diocese of San Joaquin has kept the faith and St. James as the Cathedral congregation was the tip of the spear in the fight against the apostasy of the Episcopal Church. We are bloodied but unbowed. Like our Lord they have divided our belongings among themselves in the name of saving the legacy of TEC. How sad and ironic that my former congregation will move to the St. James campus and take our name also. We are gone from the campus but our memories are there and must be brought with us. We have brothers and sisters, parents and children who have passed on while we were there. We celebrated their lives and their passing on the cathedral campus on Dakota and Cedar. I was ordained and priested by Bishop John David Mercer Schofield. He passed on this month three years ago. He was a man of joy, courage and prayer. John and Cathy Downing and I recorded an interview with him in 2010. It is important that we carry his memory with us to our next location. How many other saints do we also have to remember in our community of saint? I ask that you say their names out loud as the Lord brings them to your remembrance.

Why am I remembering? I am remembering the reasons why we are here now. We had a lot of skin in the game so to speak. We didn’t phone it in. We have paid a price and we have suffered. Like Watchmen Nee we SAT with Christ, we WALKED in Christ and we STOOD against Satan. Satan is never satisfied with just a pound of flesh and he is not done with us yet. This is not over by any means. Lord have mercy.

The first book I read after my Christian renewal was by Watchmen Nee. He was a Christian pastor in China. As I read his book “The Normal Christian Life” I thought to myself, “I’m not sure I can do this.” Mao Tse Tung imprisoned him and the other Christian pastors. After 20 years in prison Watchman Nee died. He left a note on his pillow. “Christ is the Son of God, the Savior of the world who was resurrected on the third day.” Are we willing to suffer a little longer for this eternal truth?

Finally, I want to assure those who are mature in the faith, those who yet weep and mourn that they must remember and NOT forget. You will also have a place at the table. There will be new opportunities to contribute and participate. "'In the last days, God says, I will pour out my Spirit on all people. Your sons and daughters will prophesy, your young men will see visions; your old men will dream dreams.” (Acts 2:17). After a period of mourning, we will dream again. Amen

Thursday, October 6, 2016

Bishop’s Note: October 6, 2016 – Increase Our Faith

Bishop Eric Menees

In the gospel this past Sunday we heard the Apostles appeal to Jesus saying, “Lord, increase our faith.” What an interesting and important petition that is. In fact, one might argue that it is second only to Jesus’ prayer to his Father in the Garden of Gethsemane: “Not my will but yours be done.”

Of course, I believe that Jesus’ response to the Apostles petition was not what they expected. You see, they had witnessed, over and over again, people coming to Jesus, making a petition, and seeing it granted. Remember when the leper petitioned Jesus? “Lord, if you will, you can make me clean.” “I will, be clean.” (Mark 1:41-42) But to the apostles Jesus responds rather cryptically: “If you had faith like a grain of mustard seed, you could say to this mulberry tree, ‘Be uprooted and planted in the sea,’ and it would obey you." (Luke 17:6) Jesus’ response makes it almost sound like faith can be measured - as if you could put it in a beaker and measure its volume, density, and weight. However, faith is not a material possession at all – it is a spiritual gift given by the Lord to his adopted children. Perhaps the petition for us Christians should not be so much, “Increase our faith” as, “Lord, help us to exercise our faith.” However, just like praying for patience, we should be careful in making that petition, because the Lord will grant our petition and offer us opportunities to exercise that faith!

Over the past eight years we’ve had countless opportunities to exercise our faith, but none more than this very moment in our life as a diocese; as we step out of our beloved church buildings into the unknown, faith is required. Thankfully, while our faith may waver from time to time, the Lord’s faith in us never wavers! Over and over again we are seeing the Lord’s gracious and abundant provision made evident. St. James’, Fresno, stepped away from their buildings, and Campus Bible Church opened her doors to say, “Come on in.” Tuesday night, I was with St. Francis, Stockton, for the celebration of their patronal feast. St. Francis worships in a converted Methodist fellowship hall, which, even though very simple, is nicer than anything Jesus worshiped in, save the Temple. How moving it was to have the entire congregation participate in the renewal of baptismal vows and come forward for the laying on of hands and prayer. What a beautiful example of the exercise of faith they have been over the past two years since leaving their church buildings.

I pray you all a very blessed week!

Catechism Questions: 338-339
338. Does Christ's obedience excuse you from personal obedience?
No. Obedience is always due to God as our Father, Lord, and Creator. Despite my sin and weakness, I should strive always to obey him, looking to Jesus for salvation and to the Holy Spirit for strength. (John 14:15-16, 23-24)

339. What is the first benefit of Christ’s sacrifice?
My sins are forgiven when I confess them and ask for pardon through Christ’s shed blood. I live by being forgiven. (1 John 1:8-9; Hebrews 9:11-12)

Thursday, September 22, 2016

Bishop’s Note: September 22, 2016 – Capax Dei

           Bishop Eric Menees

In the lectionary, over the months of September and October, we are going through 1st & 2nd Timothy. Last week I mentioned how much I love the Pastoral Epistles, because St. Paul is clear and unequivocal in his teaching to his assistants - Timothy and Titus.

This past Sunday was no different. Apparently, Timothy had written to St. Paul asking for advice on dealing with parishioners who were pushing competing false teachings known as Gnosticism (which believed that only few could be saved through special enlightenment) and Ascetical Judaism (which believed Jesus was the Messiah, but also that everyone needed to become a Jew and follow the law strictly to be worthy of salvation). 

Rather than dealing with the particular interpersonal problem with the parishioners, St. Paul gives both theological and practical advice. Pray, pray, pray! Pray for all people. “[2:1] First of all, then, I urge that supplications, prayers, intercessions, and thanksgivings be made for all people.”  (1 Tim 2:1)

It is hard for us to appreciate the radical nature of this advice. To pray for everyone would have been outlandish, because it assumed that everyone was capable of receiving God and His Grace - exactly what the Gnostics & Ascetical Jews were arguing against. But St. Paul’s point is that all people can receive God’s Grace if they but open their hearts and minds to Him: “This is good, and it is pleasing in the sight of God our Savior, who desires all people to be saved and to come to the knowledge of the truth.”

St. Augustine would later refer to this as “Capax Dei.” The understanding that God loves all His creation and desires salvation for all through His Son Jesus Christ. St. Augustine would write:

“All Amen may be lost but they can be found by Jesus Christ.
All men may be ignorant but they can be enlightened by Jesus Christ.
All men are sinners who may be redeemed by Jesus Christ.”

Let us never lose sight of this fact, and recommit ourselves to finding the lost, the ignorant, and sinners. Let us remember that we, too, fall into each of those categories, requiring the ministrations of the Good Shepherd who seeks the lost, enlightens the ignorant, and redeems the sinner.

I pray you all a very blessed week.

Catechism Questions: 336-337

336.     Is it possible for you to keep all these commandments?
No. I fail to fulfill them perfectly, however hard I try. One purpose of the Law is to show me my utter inability to obey God flawlessly, and so to point to my need of Christ’s obedience and atoning death on my behalf. (Isaiah 53:4-6; Romans 3:19-31; Hebrews 10:1-14)

337.    Since you cannot keep God’s commandments perfectly, what has Jesus done on your behalf?
As the perfect human and the unblemished Lamb, Jesus has offered himself to God, suffering death for my redemption upon the cross, which is the once for all “sacrifice, oblation, and satisfaction for the sins of the whole world.” (1662 Book of Common Prayer; Hebrews 10:10,12)

Friday, September 16, 2016

Bishop’s Note: September 15, 2016 - An Honest Assessment

Bishop Eric Menees

This past Sunday the lectionary included one of my favorite verses, which is really a prayer of gratitude. It comes from St. Paul’s letter to his apprentice, Timothy, who would soon be the first bishop of Ephesus:

“I am grateful to Christ Jesus our Lord, who has strengthened me, because he judged me faithful and appointed me to his service, even though I was formerly a blasphemer, a persecutor, and a man of violence. But I received mercy because I had acted ignorantly in unbelief, and the grace of our Lord overflowed for me with the faith and love that are in Christ Jesus. The saying is sure and worthy of full acceptance, that Christ Jesus came into the world to save sinners-- of whom I am the foremost. But for that very reason I received mercy, so that in me, as the foremost, Jesus Christ might display the utmost patience, making me an example to those who would come to believe in him for eternal life. To the King of the ages, immortal, invisible, the only God, be honor and glory forever and ever. Amen.”

As a priest and bishop, what strikes me so powerfully in this prayer is St. Paul’s honest assessment of himself and Christ’s power in his life.

First, Jesus Christ had strengthened and judged Paul faithful, and had appointed him to serve the Lord – even though he was a former “blasphemer, persecutor, and man of violence.” St. Paul didn’t sugar coat his former state of sin – these were sins worthy of being stoned to death according to Leviticus – but Jesus’ overflowing mercy transformed rather than condemned Paul.

Second, St. Paul succinctly states that Jesus Christ came into the world to save sinners, and he honestly regards himself as a serious sinner.

Third, St. Paul also recognizes that it is Christ’s mercy that forgives our sins and transforms our lives so that we may be of service to Jesus.

Sadly, we live in a world that denies sin and, therefore, the need for mercy. We are told we are just perfect the way we are. We are told that the worst thing that can happen to us is low self-esteem. However, false self-esteem, based on a false premise (that we are good) – is what will lead us to believe we do not need Jesus – and a life without Jesus ends in hell.

However, once we acknowledge our sinfulness, then we too can bask in the Grace of Christ like St. Paul. As the old hymn goes – “Amazing Grace, how sweet the sound that saved a wretch like me.” If we have no clue of our own wretchedness, then neither do we have a clue of God’s Amazing Grace in our lives!

I pray you all a blessed and Grace filled week.

Catechism Questions: 334-335

334.    How is covetousness especially dangerous?
Covetousness begins with discontent in mind and spirit, and as it grows in the heart, it can lead to sins such as idolatry, adultery, and theft. (2 Samuel 11:1-4; 1 Kings 21:1-15; Luke 12:15; James. 1:15)

335.    What should you do instead of coveting?

I should think often of the inheritance that Jesus has prepared for me, meditate upon his care for the birds of the air and the flowers of the field, be generous with what God has entrusted to me, and help others to keep what is rightfully theirs. (Matthew 6:25-34; Romans 12:13; Philippians 4:8; Hebrews 13:5; 1 Timothy 6:6-10; 1 Peter 1:3-5)

Thursday, September 8, 2016

Bishop’s Note: September 08, 2016 - An Offensive Gospel

Bishop Eric Menees

The other day I was speaking with Fr. Mike Law who spoke about how offensive Jesus could be.  When he said this my brow furrowed and I thought – NO!  He can be harsh and his words can be difficult, but offensive?

Then we read from the 14th Chapter of Luke last Sunday, and I had to agree – sometimes the words of Jesus are offensive! “If anyone comes to me and does not hate his own father and mother and wife and children and brothers and sisters, yes, and even his own life, he cannot be my disciple.” (Luke 14:25)
Jesus meant to cause offense, in fact. In the 21st century, it is impossible to truly understand how offensive this statement was. Family was everything in the first century – your source of identity; your source of social standing; your source of security. Could Jesus really have meant to cause offense? Yes. Jesus meant to cause offense; he meant to cause us to think; and he meant to cause us to act.

Now, I don’t believe Jesus was being literal in this statement. He was using hyperbole, because Jesus would never ask anyone to go against the Word of God: “Honor your father and your mother, that your days may be long in the land that the LORD your God is giving you.” (Exodus 20:12)

What was the point of Jesus’ offensive statement? To make the point that being a disciple of Jesus  is to come before everything – including one's family and one's own life!

Twenty-five years ago, when Florence and I were well into our engagement and going through our pre-marital counseling, the counselor asked us to list what was most important in our lives. I said, “Jesus, Florence, Family, and Church.”  Florence agreed. But about five years ago she admitted to me – twenty years into our marriage – that she was offended by my list. She had wanted to be first! That was, until she attended a Cursillo (Anglican 4th Day) retreat. On that weekend Florence realized that from her childhood on she’d given 85% of her life to Christ, but withheld that last 15% out of fear – out of pride.

When she came home from that retreat, it was obvious to me that something had changed – that Jesus really was first for her.

This was significant for Florence and for our family, because when we put Jesus first in our lives – when our discipleship isn’t simply a theoretical concept, but is a reality – we become better husbands and wives, mothers and fathers, sons and daughters.

Jesus’ point wasn’t to abandon these relationships, but to put them into perspective – with Jesus first! My prayer for you and for me is that we may truly live into the offensive teaching of Jesus – placing him first!

I pray you all a blessed week!

Catechism Questions: 331-333

331. What is the Tenth Commandment?
The Tenth Commandment is: “You shall not covet.”

332. What does it mean not to covet?
I am not to let envy make me want what others have, but in humility should be content with what I have. (Micah 2:1-2; Hebrews 13:5-6; Philippians 4:10-13)

333. How did Jesus practice contentment?
In contentment, Jesus took on the form of a servant without wealth or possessions, and in his earthly life loved and trusted his Father in all things. (Matthew 6:25-34; Philippians 2:3-11